A facile route to synthesis of S-doped TiO2 nanoparticles for photocatalytic activity
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Scientific › peer-review
|Journal||Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical|
|Publication status||Published - 30 May 2015|
|Publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
There is always a market for cost effective methods of pollution degradation and one of the best areas to keep costs down is through synthesis techniques. This paper provides a simple technique to synthesise porous TiO2 nanoparticles with increased surface area through a scaffold template technique. Their photocatalytic activity is enhanced by incorporating sulphur as a dopant and were validated by analysing the degradation of malachite green (MG). The materials were doped at a molar ratio of 100:1 (Ti:S) and calcined at different temperatures to adjust the anatase/rutile content. Detailed characterisation of the materials was undertaken using XRD, BET, XPS, TEM and FTIR. The nanoparticles displayed a microporous structure and had an increased surface area of 115 m2 g-1 which was reduced by doping and temperature induced phase transformation. Photocatalytic testing showed that the doped materials calcined at 700 °C preformed the best in. It was observed that 20 mg l-1 of MG was decomposed in 30 min using a 40 W UV bulb at pH 9 and the results surpassed those achieved by the commercial catalyst P25 which was also tested for comparison.