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A facile route to synthesis of S-doped TiO2 nanoparticles for photocatalytic activity

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-57!
JournalJournal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical
Volume406
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 May 2015
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

There is always a market for cost effective methods of pollution degradation and one of the best areas to keep costs down is through synthesis techniques. This paper provides a simple technique to synthesise porous TiO2 nanoparticles with increased surface area through a scaffold template technique. Their photocatalytic activity is enhanced by incorporating sulphur as a dopant and were validated by analysing the degradation of malachite green (MG). The materials were doped at a molar ratio of 100:1 (Ti:S) and calcined at different temperatures to adjust the anatase/rutile content. Detailed characterisation of the materials was undertaken using XRD, BET, XPS, TEM and FTIR. The nanoparticles displayed a microporous structure and had an increased surface area of 115 m2 g-1 which was reduced by doping and temperature induced phase transformation. Photocatalytic testing showed that the doped materials calcined at 700 °C preformed the best in. It was observed that 20 mg l-1 of MG was decomposed in 30 min using a 40 W UV bulb at pH 9 and the results surpassed those achieved by the commercial catalyst P25 which was also tested for comparison.

Keywords

  • Band gap, Photocatalysis, S-doped, TiO<inf>2</inf>