Tampere University of Technology

TUTCRIS Research Portal

A new generation sweating thermal manikin for the evaluation of the thermal comfort of protective clothing in Arctic Conditions

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientific


Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationArctic Wears - Perspectives on Arctic Clothing
EditorsSanna Konola, Päivi Kähkönen
PublisherLapland University of Applied Sciences
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)978-952-316-086-6
ISBN (Print)978-952-316-085-9
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Publication typeB2 Part of a book or another research book

Publication series

NameLiiketoiminta ja yrittäjyys Sarja B. Raportit ja selvitykset 10/2015
PublisherLapland University of Applied Sciences


Working or staying in cold conditions set high demands for the garments to
sustain the thermal comfort of the wearer. The high thermal insulation needed
in cold conditions, like in Arctic areas, can cause heat stress when working in high intensity and post exercise chill while the remaining moisture in the clothing layers due to sweating increases heat loss. The thermoregulatory properties of textiles from material level to garment level can be determined with a wide selection of test methods. Hot plates, water vapour permeability tests and a sweating thermal cylinder are used for planar textiles to determine thermal comfort properties on material level to be able to select the most suitable candidates for the garments for the required end use conditions. For garment level testing, the non-movable or movable thermal or sweating thermal
manikins offer the most sophisticated objective methods. They simulate human body heat and sweat production and body movements in controlled ambient conditions for determining the thermal comfort properties either of a piece of garment or the whole clothing systems. The effect of garment design can be determined in addition to material properties.

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland