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A recombinant Escherichia coli sensor strain for the detection of tetracyclines

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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4457-4462
Number of pages6
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Volume70
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 1998
Externally publishedYes
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

A bioluminescent Escherichia coli K-12 strain for the specific detection of the tetracycline group of antibiotics is described, A sensor plasmid, containing five genes from bacterial luciferase operon of Photorhabdus luminescens inserted under the control of tetracycline-responsive elements of the transposon Tn10, was constructed. Usage of the full-length luciferase operon in the sensor resulted in tetracycline-dependent light production without additions, i.e., self-luminescent phenotype, since all the substrates were intrinsically produced by the recombinant organism, The time needed for optimal induction of light emission was 90 min. Maximal induction of similar to 100-fold over uninduced levels by using 20 ng of tetracycline, and picomole sensitivities for the seven different tetracyclines tested, were obtained without added Mg2+ ions. The higher the pH and the magnesium ion concentration in the assay medium the higher was the amount of membrane-impermeable tetracycline-Mg2+ chelate complex. In consequence, by adjusting the pH and the Mg2+ ion concentration, the sensitivity of the assay can be modified for different analytical purposes. Different non-tetracycline antibiotics did not cause induction of light emission.

Keywords

  • XENORHABDUS-LUMINESCENS, EXPRESSION, ANTIMONITE, PROMOTER, ARSENITE, BACTERIA, BINDING, CLONING, GENES