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A Robust and Energy Efficient NOMA-Enabled Hybrid VLC/RF Wireless Network

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC)
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-5386-7646-2
ISBN (Print)978-1-5386-7647-9
Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2019
Publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventIEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference -
Duration: 1 Jan 1900 → …

Publication series

NameIEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference
ISSN (Print)1525-3511
ISSN (Electronic)1558-2612


ConferenceIEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference
Period1/01/00 → …


The present work investigates the performance of non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) in a hybrid visible light communication (VLC) / radio frequency (RF) wireless network. In particular, we investigate the energy efficiency of the proposed architecture assuming imperfect channel state information (CSI), which is a realistic assumption that is encountered in practical indoor and outdoor wireless communication scenarios. We demonstrate that the performance of the proposed scheme in terms of energy efficiency outperforms by four-fold the corresponding performance of its orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA) counterpart. In addition, it is shown that the energy efficiency of the proposed scheme is more robust to CSI errors and line of sight (LOS) variations than the OFDMA-based scheme, which appears to be more susceptible to the CSI error and the LOS availability probability. Finally, our findings reveal that the performance gain of NOMA over OFDMA in the considered hybrid VLC/RF set up is directly proportional to the probability of LOS availability. These results are expected to be useful in the efficient design and efficient operation of hybrid VLC/RF wireless systems.


  • Radio frequency, NOMA, Wireless networks, Downlink, Channel estimation, OFDM

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