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Active immobilized palladium catalyst based on multiporous amphiphilic graft copolymer

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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1045-1054
Number of pages10
JournalReactive and Functional Polymers
Volume71
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

Poly(vinylidene fluoride)-g-poly(dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate) (PVDF-g-PDMAEMA)/camphor system produces thermoreversible gel and leaching of camphor with cyclohexane yields amphiphilic multiporous material characterized from scanning electron microscopy (SEM), mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP) and nitrogen adsorption porosimetry. Pd nanoparticles (Pd NPs, dia. 2.5-4.5 nm) are grown on this porous material by adsorption of Pd(OAc)(2) followed by reduction with hydrazine. MIP and nitrogen porosimetry show that the xerogels are multiporous in nature and the pore size decreases in the Pd NPs captured sample. The BET surface area of the Pd NPs captured dried gel (24.3 m(2) g(-1)) is lower than that of pure gel (32.5 m(2) g(-1)) due to the blocking of some pores by Pd NPs. The Pd NPs captured amphiphilic porous PVDF-g-PDMAEMA act as an effective catalyst for aerobic ligand free Suzuki coupling of aryl halides (X = I, Br and Cl) in aqueous medium. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Graft copolymer, Porosimetry, Multiporous material, Pd-nano particle, Suzuki coupling, TRANSFER RADICAL POLYMERIZATION, POLY(VINYLIDENE FLUORIDE)-CAMPHOR SYSTEMS, SUZUKI COUPLING REACTIONS, ANION-EXCHANGE MEMBRANES, POROUS MATERIALS, HETEROGENEOUS CATALYSIS, MESOPOROUS SILICA, PD NANOPARTICLES, ARYL CHLORIDES, DRUG-DELIVERY