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Activity classification using realistic data from wearable sensors

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-128
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2006
Externally publishedYes
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

Automatic classification of everyday activities can be used for promotion of health-enhancing physical activities and a healthier lifestyle. In this paper, methods used for classification of everyday activities like walking, running, and cycling are described. The aim of the study was to find out how to recognize activities, which sensors are useful and what kind of signal processing and classification is required. A large and realistic data library of sensor data was collected. Sixteen test persons took part in the data collection, resulting in approximately 31 h of annotated, 35-channel data recorded in an everyday environment. The test persons carried a set of wearable sensors while performing several activities during the 2-h measurement session. Classification results of three classifiers are shown: custom decision tree, automatically generated decision tree,, and artificial neural network. The classification accuracies using leave-one-subject-out cross validation range from 58 to 97% for custom decision tree classifier, from 56 to 97% for automatically generated decision tree, and from 22 to 96% for artificial neural network. Total classification accuracy is 82% for custom decision tree classifier, 86% for automatically generated decision tree, and 82% for artificial neural network.

Keywords

  • activity classification, context awareness, physical activity, wearable sensors, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, ACCELEROMETRY, PREVENTION, VALIDATION, CONTEXT, WALKING, POSTURE, MOTION, WOMEN