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Adaptive Normalization for Forecasting Limit Order Book Data Using Convolutional Neural Networks

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2020 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2020 - Proceedings
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781509066315
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2020
Publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventIEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Barcelona, Spain
Duration: 4 May 20208 May 2020

Publication series

NameICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings
ISSN (Print)1520-6149


ConferenceIEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing


Deep learning models are capable of achieving state-of-the-art performance on a wide range of time series analysis tasks. However, their performance crucially depends on the employed normalization scheme, while they are usually unable to efficiently handle non-stationary features without first appropriately pre-processing them. These limitations impact the performance of deep learning models, especially when used for forecasting financial time series, due to their non-stationary and multimodal nature. In this paper we propose a data-driven adaptive normalization layer which is capable of learning the most appropriate normalization scheme that should be applied on the data. To this end, the proposed method first identifies the distribution from which the data were generated and then it dynamically shifts and scales them in order to facilitate the task at hand. The proposed nor-malization scheme is fully differentiable and it is trained in an end-to-end fashion along with the rest of the parameters of the model. The proposed method leads to significant performance improvements over several competitive normalization approaches, as demonstrated using a large-scale limit order book dataset.

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland