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Additively manufactured nanotechnology and origami-enabled flexible microwave electronics

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Article number7110429
Pages (from-to)583-606
Number of pages24
JournalProceedings of the IEEE
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2015
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


Inkjet printing on flexible paper and additive manufacturing technologies (AMT) are introduced for the sustainable ultra-low-cost fabrication of flexible radio frequency (RF)/microwave electronics and sensors. This paper covers examples of state-of-the-art integrated wireless sensor modules on paper or flexible polymers and shows numerous inkjet-printed passives, sensors, origami, and microfluidics topologies. It also demonstrates additively manufactured antennas that could potentially set the foundation for the truly convergent wireless sensor ad-hoc networks of the future with enhanced cognitive intelligence and 'zero-power' operability through ambient energy harvesting and wireless power transfer. The paper also discusses the major challenges for the realization of inkjet-printed/3-D printed high-complexity flexible modules as well as future directions in the area of environmentally-friendly 'Green') RF electronics and 'Smart-House' conformal sensors.

ASJC Scopus subject areas


  • Additive manufacturing, antennas, flexible electronics, inkjet-printing, microfluidics, modules, nanotechnology, origami, passives, radio frequency (RF), wireless sensors