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Adipose Tissue Dysfunction and Altered Systemic Amino Acid Metabolism Are Associated with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

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Details

Original languageEnglish
Article number0138889
Number of pages17
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume10
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Oct 2015
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

Background

Fatty liver is a major cause of obesity-related morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to identify early metabolic alterations associated with liver fat accumulation in 50- to 55-year-old men (n = 49) and women (n = 52) with and without NAFLD.

Methods

Hepatic fat content was measured using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (H-1 MRS). Serum samples were analyzed using a nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) metabolomics platform. Global gene expression profiles of adipose tissues and skeletal muscle were analyzed using Affymetrix microarrays and quantitative PCR. Muscle protein expression was analyzed by Western blot.

Results

Increased branched-chain amino acid (BCAA), aromatic amino acid (AAA) and orosomucoid were associated with liver fat accumulation already in its early stage, independent of sex, obesity or insulin resistance (p

Conclusions

Liver fat accumulation, already in its early stage, is associated with increased serum branched-chain and aromatic amino acids. The observed associations of decreased BCAA catabolism activity, mitochondrial energy metabolism and serum BCAA concentration with liver fat content suggest that adipose tissue dysfunction may have a key role in the systemic nature of NAFLD pathogenesis.

Keywords

  • MUSCLE INSULIN-RESISTANCE, HEPATIC STEATOSIS, SKELETAL-MUSCLE, MAGNETIC-RESONANCE, BODY-COMPOSITION, OBESITY, WOMEN, GIRLS, INFLAMMATION, PATHOGENESIS

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland