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Aloittelijasta mestariksi : pyöräilyn kasvuun vaikuttavat toimenpiteet eurooppalaisissa kaupungeissa

Research output: Book/ReportDoctoral thesisMonograph

Details

Original languageFinnish
Place of PublicationTampere
PublisherTampere University of Technology
Number of pages340
ISBN (Electronic)978-952-15-3286-3
ISBN (Print)978-952-15-3275-7
Publication statusPublished - 16 May 2014
Publication typeG4 Doctoral dissertation (monograph)

Publication series

NameTampere University of Techology. Publication
PublisherTampere University of Technology
Volume1205
ISSN (Print)1459-2045

Abstract

The aim of the study is to provide knowledge about the measures, with which it is possible to increase the modal share of cycling in urban traffic. Specific attention focuses to the means, what the cities can do to raise the modal share over 15 % and even more than 30 %. These limit values are based on PRESTO-project financed by European Union (2009−2012). In the PRESTO-project was developed the model, in which the cities were classified to three levels according the modal share of cycling: starters, climbers and champions. In this study were ten European example cities that were divided to these three levels. In starter cities is the share of cycling under 15 %, in climber cities 15–30 % and in champion cities over 30 %. From the example cities starters are Geneva, Strasbourg and Stockholm. Climbers are Freiburg, Ghent, Odense and Växjö. And in the level of champion are Copenhagen, Groningen and Houten. Every city has promoted cycling for decades, but in spite of that the portion of cycling differs between the cities. The study is qualitative. The material has been collected by theme interviews and observation in example cities. The interviews were made 24. Interviewees were traffic planners and urban planners of the cities and volunteers of cycling organizations. Observation was made both systematicly and with free form. The subjects of the observation were cycling infrastructure, traffic network and general transport system in the cities. The data was analysed by qualitative content analysis. The results of the study indicated, that the quality of cycling infrastructure has a very considerable influence to the quantity of cycling. Starter cities have to build high-quality main routes from residential areas to centres and working place areas. Climber cities have to extend the quality level to the whole cycle network. The planning principles should be adopted from the Netherlands and Denmark. There are best cycling infrastructure and the level of cycle planning. In addition to well planned cycle routes is comprehensive traffic network planning essential. Locating of activities is not enough to ensure the competitiveness of cycling in land use planning. Starters have to reduce car traffic in resindential areas and city centre. Climbers have to improve the competitiveness of cycling by offering short cuts to cyclists, when car drivers have to make a detour. Cycle parking conditions are also crucial in the beginning of the trip and in destinations. Promotion of cycling requires good political will. In the starter cities it is significant to provide more knowledge and good experiences to decision makers. In the climber cities it is essential to ensure that cycling – in addition to walking - is a primary mode of traffic to promote.

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland

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