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An Energy-efficient Live Video Coding and Communication over Unreliable Channels

Research output: Book/ReportDoctoral thesisCollection of Articles


Original languageEnglish
PublisherTampere University of Technology
Number of pages61
ISBN (Electronic)978-952-15-3471-3
ISBN (Print)978-952-15-3463-8
Publication statusPublished - 20 Feb 2015
Publication typeG5 Doctoral dissertation (article)

Publication series

NameTampere University of Technology. Publication
PublisherTampere University of Technology
ISSN (Print)1459-2045


In the field of multimedia communications there exist many important applications where live or real-time video data is captured by a camera, compressed and transmitted over the channel which can be very unreliable and, at the same time, computational resources or battery capacity of the transmission device are very limited. For example, such scenario holds for video transmission for space missions, vehicle-to-infrastructure video delivery, multimedia wireless sensor networks, wireless endoscopy, video coding on mobile phones, high definition wireless video surveillance and so on. Taking into account such restrictions, a development of efficient video coding techniques for these applications is a challenging problem. The most popular video compression standards, such as H.264/AVC, are based on the hybrid video coding concept, which is very efficient when video encoding is performed off-line or non real-time and the pre-encoded video is played back. However, the high computational complexity of the encoding and the high sensitivity of the hybrid video bit stream to losses in the communication channel constitute a significant barrier of using these standards for the applications mentioned above. In this thesis, as an alternative to the standards, a video coding based on three-dimensional discrete wavelet transform (3-D DWT) is considered as a candidate to provide a good trade-off between encoding efficiency, computational complexity and robustness to channel losses. Efficient tools are proposed to reduce the computational complexity of the 3-D DWT codec. These tools cover all levels of the codec’s development such as adaptive binary arithmetic coding, bit-plane entropy coding, wavelet transform, packet loss protection based on error-correction codes and bit rate control. These tools can be implemented as end-to-end solution and directly used in real-life scenarios. The thesis provides theoretical, simulation and real-world results which show that the proposed 3-D DWT codec can be more preferable than the standards for live video coding and communication over highly unreliable channels and or in systems where the video encoding computational complexity or power consumption plays a critical role.

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