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Angular wall loss model and Extended Building Penetration model for outdoor to indoor propagation

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2017 13th International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference, IWCMC 2017
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781509043729
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jul 2017
Publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference -
Duration: 1 Jan 2000 → …

Publication series

ISSN (Electronic)2376-6506


ConferenceInternational Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference
Period1/01/00 → …


The main target of this research work is to study the provision of indoor service (coverage) using outdoor base stations at higher frequencies i.e. 10 GHz in the context of a single building scenario. In an outdoor to indoor propagation, an angular wall loss model is used in the General Building Penetration (GBP) model for estimating the additional loss at the intercept point of the building exterior wall. A novel angular wall loss model based on a separate incidence angle in azimuth and elevation plane is proposed in this paper. In the second part of this study, an Extended Building Penetration (EBP) model is proposed, and the performance of EBP model is compared with the GBP model. In EBP model, the additional fifth path known as the 'Direct path' is proposed to be included in the GBP model. Based on the evaluation results, the impact of the direct path is found significant for the indoor users having the same or closed by height as that of the height of the transmitter.


  • Angular loss, Building penetration loss, Outdoor to Indoor, Propagation, Wall loss model

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