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Asymptotics and approximation of large systems of ordinary differential equations

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Original languageEnglish
Article number104703
Number of pages9
JournalSystems and Control Letters
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


In this paper we continue our earlier investigations into the asymptotic behaviour of infinite systems of coupled differential equations. Under the mild assumption that the so-called characteristic function of our system is completely monotonic we obtain a drastically simplified condition which ensures boundedness of the associates semigroup. If the characteristic function satisfies certain additional conditions we deduce sharp rates of convergence to equilibrium. We moreover address the important and delicate issue of the role of the infinite system in understanding the asymptotic behaviour of large but finite systems, and we provide a precise way of obtaining size-independent rates of convergence for families of finite-dimensional systems. Finally, we illustrate our abstract results in the setting of the well-known platoon problem.


  • Approximation, Asymptotic behaviour, C-semigroup, Completely monotonic function, Coupled differential equations, Rates of convergence

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland