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Behavior of β-amyloid 1-16 at the air-water interface at varying ph by nonlinear spectroscopy and molecular dynamics simulations

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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5873-5880
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume115
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jun 2011
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

The adsorption and aggregation of β-amyloid (1-16) fragment at the air-water interface was investigated by the combination of second harmonic generation (SHG) spectroscopy, Brewster angle microscopy (BAM), and molecular dynamics simulations (MD). The Gibbs free energy of surface adsorption was measured to be -10.3 kcal/mol for bulk pHs of 7.4 and 3, but no adsorption was observed for pH 10-11. The 1-16 fragment is believed not to be involved in fibril formation of the β-amyloid protein, but it exhibits interesting behavior at the air-water interface, as manifested in two time scales for the observed SHG response. The shorter time scale (minutes) reflects the surface adsorption, and the longer time scale (hours) reflects rearrangement and aggregation of the peptide at the air-water interface. Both of these processes are also evidenced by BAM measurements.MDsimulations confirm the pH dependence of surface behavior of the β-amyloid, with largest surface affinity found at pH = 7. It also follows from the simulations that phenylalanine is the most surface exposed residue, followed by tyrosine and histidine in their neutral form.

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