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Biogas production from boreal herbaceous grasses - Specific methane yield and methane yield per hectare

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2952-2958
Number of pages7
JournalBioresource Technology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2009
Externally publishedYes
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


The objective of this study was to determine the specific methane yields of four grass species (cocksfoot, tall fescue, reed canary grass and timothy) cultivated under boreal conditions as well as how harvesting time and year of cultivation affects the specific methane yields per ha. The specific methane yields of all grasses and all harvests varied from 253 to 394 Nl CH4/kg volatile solids (VS) added. The average specific methane yield of the 1st harvest of all grasses was higher than the 2nd harvests. In this study the methane and energy yields from different harvest years were ranged from 1200 to 3600 Nm3 CH4/ha/a, corresponding from 12 to 36 MWhCH4/ha/a. The methane yield per hectare of the 1st harvest was always higher than that of the 2nd harvest per hectare because of the higher dry matter yield and specific methane yield. High biomass yield per hectare, good digestibility and regrowth ability after harvesting are important factors when choosing grass species for biogas production. If 30% of fallow and the second harvest of grassland were cultivated grasses and harvested for biogas production in Finland, the energy produced could be 4.9 TWhCH4.


  • Biogas production, Grass, Harvest time, Specific methane yield