Biomass characterization of laboratory-scale thermophilic-mesophilic wastewater treatment processes
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Scientific › peer-review
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2006|
|Publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
Two thermophilic-mesophilic wastewater treatment processes, one as the combination of the thermophilic activated sludge process (ASP), followed by the mesophilic ASP and the other as thermophilic suspended carrier biofilm process (SCBP), followed by the mesophilic ASP, were used to study sludge characteristics and floc formation. Thermophilic bacteria in both ASP and SCBP were able to form flocs, which were <50 μm in size and had a weak structure and irregular shape. Flocs in both the mesophilic ASPs were larger in size (50-500 μm) and had more compact structures. Filamentous bacteria played an important role in both the thermophilic and mesophilic processes by forming bridges between small flocs. Both thermophilic processes showed a high density of dispersed particles, such as free bacteria. When hydraulic retention time (HRT) was decreased the biofilm was retained in the thermophilic SCBP better than the flocs in the thermophilic ASP. The mesophilic ASPs efficiently removed dispersed particles originating from the thermophilic processes.