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BM3D-HVS: Content-Adaptive denoising for improved visual quality

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationImage Processing: Algorithms and Systems XV
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventIS&T International Symposium on Electronic Imaging -
Duration: 1 Jan 2000 → …

Publication series

NameElectronic Imaging
ISSN (Print)2470-1173


ConferenceIS&T International Symposium on Electronic Imaging
Period1/01/00 → …


We introduce a content-Adaptive approach to image denoising where the filter design is based on mean opinion scores (MOSs) from preliminary experiments with volunteers who evaluated the quality of denoised image fragments. This allows to tune the filter parameters so to improve the perceptual quality of the output image, implicitly accounting for the peculiarities of the human visual system (HVS). A modification of the BM3D image denoising filter (Dabov et al., IEEE TIP, 2007), namely BM3DHVS, is proposed based on this framework. We show that it yields a higher visual quality than the conventional BM3D. Further, we have also analyzed the MOSs against popular full-reference visual quality metrics such as SSIM (Wang et al., IEEE TIP, 2004), its extension FSIM (Zhang et al., IEEE TIP, 2011), and the noreference IL-NIQE (Zhang et al., IEEE TIP, 2015) over each image fragment. Both the Spearman and the Kendall rank order correlation show that these metrics do not correspond well to the human perception. This calls for new visual quality metrics tailored for the benchmarking and optimization of image denoising methods.