Tampere University of Technology

TUTCRIS Research Portal

Bringing a Molecular Plus One: Synergistic Binding Creates Guest-Mediated Three-Component Complexes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5884-5894
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Organic Chemistry
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


Cethyl-2-methylresorcinarene (A), pyridine (B), and a set of 10 carboxylic acids (Cn) associate to form A·B·Cn ternary assemblies with 1:1:1 stoichiometry, representing a useful class of ternary systems where the guest mediates complex formation between the host and a third component. Although individually weak in solution, the combined strength of the multiple noncovalent interactions organizes the complexes even in a highly hydrogen-bond competing methanol solution, as explored by both experimental and computational methods. The interactions between A·B and Cn are dependent on the pKa values of carboxylic acids. The weak interactions between A and C further reinforce the interactions between A and B, demonstrating positive cooperativity. Our results reveal that the two-component system such as that formed by A and B can form the basis for the development of specific sensors for the molecular recognition of carboxylic acids.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland