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Cell adhesion and culture medium dependent changes in the high frequency mechanical vibration induced proliferation, osteogenesis, and intracellular organization of human adipose stem cells

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Original languageEnglish
Article number103419
JournalJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


High frequency (HF) mechanical vibration appears beneficial for in vitro osteogenesis of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). However, the current mechanobiological understanding of the method remains insufficient. We designed high-throughput stimulators to apply horizontal or vertical high magnitude HF (HMHF; 2.5 Gpeak, 100 Hz) vibration on human adipose stem cells (hASCs). We analyzed proliferation, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, mineralization, and effects on the actin cytoskeleton and nuclei using immunocytochemical stainings. Proliferation was studied on a standard tissue culture plastic (sTCP) surface and on an adhesion supporting tissue culture plastic (asTCP) surface in basal (BM) and osteogenic (OM) culture medium conditions. We discovered that the improved cell adhesion was a prerequisite for vibration induced changes in the proliferation of hASCs. Similarly, the adhesion supporting surface enabled us to observe vibration initiated ALP activity and mineralization changes in OM condition. The horizontal vibration increased ALP activity, while vertical stimulation reduced ALP activity. However, mineralization was not enhanced by the HMHF vibration. We performed image-based analysis of actin and nuclei to obtain novel data of the intracellular-level responses to HF vibration in BM and OM conditions. Our quantitative results suggest that actin organizations were culture medium and stimulation direction dependent. Both stimulation directions decreased OM induced changes in nuclear size and elongation. Consequently, our findings of the nuclear deformations provide supportive evidence for the involvement of the nuclei in the mechanocoupling of HF vibration. Taken together, the results of this study enhanced the knowledge of the intracellular mechanisms of HF vibration induced osteogenesis of MSCs.


  • Adipose stem cells, Bone tissue engineering, HMHF vibration, Horizontal stimulation, Mechanobiology, Vertical stimulation

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