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Characterization and Performance Improvement of Cooperative Wireless Networks with Nonlinear Power Amplifier at Relay

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3244-3255
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


In this paper, the performance of the cooperative cognitive radio network with the amplify-and-forward protocol is studied when the relay uses a nonlinear power amplifier (NLPA). Furthermore, taking the pulse shaping filter for the data signal into account, the power of the adjacent channel interference (ACI) to the primary users (PUs) caused by the spectral regrowth of the relay output signal is analytically calculated. Moreover, two compensation techniques are proposed which are implemented at the destination receiver to deal with the in-band nonlinear interference. The first technique is based on the calculation of the distorted signal constellation to enhance the performance of the demodulator. The second technique is feedforward compensation at the receiver. The bit error rate (BER) expressions for both techniques are presented. The ACI resulting from the spectral regrowth due to the relay NLPA is investigated by the simulation and numerical studies, and then, the BER performance degradation at the destination node and the performance improvement resulting from the proposed compensation methods are evaluated. Since the ACI confines the transmit power due to the interference power constraint of the PU, the achievable BER of the secondary user (SU) is studied. The simulation results show that the feedforward compensation technique has better BER performance than the modified constellation based approach.


  • Amplify and forward, cognitive radio, maximum ratio combining, nonlinearity compensation, power amplifier nonlinearity

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