Charge Carrier Dynamics in Solar Water Oxidation
Research output: Book/Report › Doctoral thesis › Collection of Articles
|Publisher||Tampere University of Technology|
|Number of pages||49|
|Publication status||Published - 24 May 2017|
|Publication type||G5 Doctoral dissertation (article)|
|Name||Tampere University of Technology. Publication|
Hematite is an n-type metal oxide semiconductor that has a band gap suitable for the absorption of a noticeable fraction of solar radiation. The absorption of light leads to the generation of electron-hole pairs that are separated due to a built-in electric ﬁeld. However, the conduction band level of hematite is not suitable for unassisted water splitting and it suffers from poor intrinsic charge transport properties. For this reason the photoanodes studied in this Thesis have been modiﬁed with doping and by forming heterojunctions with other metal oxide semiconductors, namely titanium dioxide.
This Thesis studies the evolution of the primary charge carriers responsible for water splitting in modiﬁed hematite photoanodes. The method selected to probe the charge carrier dynamics is transient absorption spectroscopy that enables the monitoring of charge carriers from the subpicosecond timescale up to seconds. The measurements were performed in a three electrode photoelectrochemical cell to see the effects of additional bias voltage on the charge carrier dynamics and how the recombination and oxygen evolution reaction are changed when a photocurrent is generated.
The results of this Thesis indicate that the modiﬁcation of hematite has a profound effect on the charge carrier behaviour. The observed effects range from changes in recombination on the picosecond timescale, to nanosecond timescale trapping of electrons into intraband or surface states, and all the way to changes in the reaction rates of long-lived holes in the hundreds of milliseconds timescale.