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Children and youth transport in different urban morphological types

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWSTLUR 2014 Proceedings. 2014 World Symposium on Transport and Land Use Research, June 24-27, 2014, Delft, the Netherlands
PublisherWorld Society for Transport and Land Use Research
Number of pages19
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventWorld Symposium on Transport and Land Use Research -
Duration: 1 Jan 2014 → …


ConferenceWorld Symposium on Transport and Land Use Research
Period1/01/14 → …


As demonstrated in many earlier studies, the qualities of physical environment have great impacts on physical activity behavior. However, studying individual built environmental variables often produces contradictory effects between studies. To overcome this, we composed multivariate environmental types using principal component analysis that take notice of the inter-correlations between the physical environmental variables. To get a realistic view of the places children and adolescents visit in their daily life, we used mapping methodology where children themselves defined their important places. Based on 16 built environmental variables, six built environmental types were composed around these places.

We found that walking and cycling was most prominent in residential environments and least common in (central) business districts. Commercial environments as well as green environments had the highest proportions of car use. Most places, in general, were visited with friends, but most typically, commercial environments and (central) business districts were reached in the company of friends. Relatively many places were visited alone in residential areas.

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland