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Children and youth transport in different urban morphological types

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-103
Number of pages17
JournalThe Journal of Transport and Land Use
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


As demonstrated in many earlier studies, the qualities of physical environment have great impacts on physical activity (PA) behavior. However, studying individual built environmental variables often produces contradictory effects between studies. To overcome this, we composed multivariate environmental types using principal component analysis that take notice of the inter-correlations between the physical environmental variables. To get a realistic view of the places children and adolescents visit in their daily life, we used mapping methodology where children themselves defined their important places. Based on 16 built environmental variables, six built environmental types were composed around these places.

We found that walking and cycling was most prominent in residential environments and least common in mixed use areas with offices. Environments with big commercial buildings as well as green environments had the highest proportions of car use. Most places, in general, were visited with friends, but most typically, areas with big commercial buildings and mixed use areas with offices were reached in the company of friends. Relatively many places were visited alone in residential areas.

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland