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Coating of Silica and Titania Aerosol Nanoparticles by Silver Vapor Condensation

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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)767-776
Number of pages10
JournalAerosol Science and Technology
Volume49
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Sep 2015
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

Silica and titania aerosol nanoparticles are coated with silver through a physical coating process. The silver is evaporated in a tubular furnace flow system and condensed on the ceramic carrier particles with diameters of approximately 100nm. The temperature gradient in the furnace system is optimized in order to avoid homogeneous nucleation of the silver. The generated ceramic-silver composite nanoparticles are characterized with aerosol measurements and analytical transmission electron microscopy. Two completely different particle morphologies are clearly observed, silver-decoration and composite doublet, with amorphous silica and crystalline rutile titania as the carrier particles, respectively. The former morphology consists of multiple silver nanodots with diameters of 1-10nm, while in the latter morphology the silver had formed a larger structure with a size comparable to that of the carrier particle. Different shapes are observed in these larger silver structures, such as triangular, rodlike, and hexagonal. Differences in the silver particle migration on the surface of the silica and titania particles is proposed to be the key factor resulting into the two distinct particle morphologies.Copyright 2015 American Association for Aerosol Research

Keywords

  • LIQUID FLAME SPRAY, LOW-PRESSURE IMPACTOR, GAS-PHASE, PARTICLES, CATALYST, DEPOSITION, SIZE, ALUMINA, GROWTH, PARAMETERS

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland