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Conceptual Design of the FCC-hh Dipole Circuits With Integrated CLIQ Protection System

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Conceptual Design of the FCC-hh Dipole Circuits With Integrated CLIQ Protection System. / Prioli, Marco; Auchmann, Bernhard; Bortot, Lorenzo; Maciejewski, Michal; Salmi, Tiina; Verweij, Arjan.

In: IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, Vol. 29, No. 8, 01.12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Harvard

Prioli, M, Auchmann, B, Bortot, L, Maciejewski, M, Salmi, T & Verweij, A 2019, 'Conceptual Design of the FCC-hh Dipole Circuits With Integrated CLIQ Protection System', IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 29, no. 8. https://doi.org/10.1109/TASC.2019.2931172

APA

Prioli, M., Auchmann, B., Bortot, L., Maciejewski, M., Salmi, T., & Verweij, A. (2019). Conceptual Design of the FCC-hh Dipole Circuits With Integrated CLIQ Protection System. IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 29(8). https://doi.org/10.1109/TASC.2019.2931172

Vancouver

Prioli M, Auchmann B, Bortot L, Maciejewski M, Salmi T, Verweij A. Conceptual Design of the FCC-hh Dipole Circuits With Integrated CLIQ Protection System. IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity. 2019 Dec 1;29(8). https://doi.org/10.1109/TASC.2019.2931172

Author

Prioli, Marco ; Auchmann, Bernhard ; Bortot, Lorenzo ; Maciejewski, Michal ; Salmi, Tiina ; Verweij, Arjan. / Conceptual Design of the FCC-hh Dipole Circuits With Integrated CLIQ Protection System. In: IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity. 2019 ; Vol. 29, No. 8.

Bibtex - Download

@article{1b9c3f886395464880e2d6048e055026,
title = "Conceptual Design of the FCC-hh Dipole Circuits With Integrated CLIQ Protection System",
abstract = "The Future Circular Collider (FCC-hh) project is a conceptual study whose goal is to design the successor of the Large Hadron Collider, increasing the collision energy from 14 to 100 TeV. The energy stored in the 16-T superconducting dipole magnets and the length of the sectors composing the 100-km FCC tunnel are considerably larger than those in present accelerators. This means that the energy stored in the FCC-hh dipole circuit is likely to be much higher than that in existing superconducting circuits. In the case of magnet quenches or faults, the circuit needs to be protected, i.e., its energy needs to be rapidly dissipated without inducing excessive voltages in the magnet chain. This article proposes a conceptual design for the FCC-hh dipole circuit, which satisfies the constraint of the maximum allowable voltage-to-ground and fulfills additional requirements related to the FCC-hh operation and tunnel layout. A compromise among the considered requirements leads to a relatively simple circuit layout and a large number of circuits for the entire machine. The behavior of the proposed circuit during the critical fast power abort phase is simulated through a numerical model, which covers the electrical circuit domain and the electrothermal magnet domain. Each FCC-hh dipole magnet is protected by means of the coupling-loss-induced quench (CLIQ) protection system, which also acts at the circuit level. The simulations predict severe voltage oscillations in the FCC-hh dipole circuits that may pose a problem for the quench detection system. The simulations also show that the severity of the oscillations is not due to the presence of CLIQ. This protection system can be integrated into the proposed circuit layout and represents an effective protection system for the entire string of FCC-hh dipole magnets.",
keywords = "Magnetic circuits, Superconducting magnets, Magnetic tunneling, Magnetic domains, Large Hadron Collider, Layout, FCC, Coupling-loss induced quench (CLIQ), Future Circular Collider (FCC), quench protection, superconducting circuits",
author = "Marco Prioli and Bernhard Auchmann and Lorenzo Bortot and Michal Maciejewski and Tiina Salmi and Arjan Verweij",
year = "2019",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1109/TASC.2019.2931172",
language = "English",
volume = "29",
journal = "IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity",
issn = "1051-8223",
publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers",
number = "8",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Conceptual Design of the FCC-hh Dipole Circuits With Integrated CLIQ Protection System

AU - Prioli, Marco

AU - Auchmann, Bernhard

AU - Bortot, Lorenzo

AU - Maciejewski, Michal

AU - Salmi, Tiina

AU - Verweij, Arjan

PY - 2019/12/1

Y1 - 2019/12/1

N2 - The Future Circular Collider (FCC-hh) project is a conceptual study whose goal is to design the successor of the Large Hadron Collider, increasing the collision energy from 14 to 100 TeV. The energy stored in the 16-T superconducting dipole magnets and the length of the sectors composing the 100-km FCC tunnel are considerably larger than those in present accelerators. This means that the energy stored in the FCC-hh dipole circuit is likely to be much higher than that in existing superconducting circuits. In the case of magnet quenches or faults, the circuit needs to be protected, i.e., its energy needs to be rapidly dissipated without inducing excessive voltages in the magnet chain. This article proposes a conceptual design for the FCC-hh dipole circuit, which satisfies the constraint of the maximum allowable voltage-to-ground and fulfills additional requirements related to the FCC-hh operation and tunnel layout. A compromise among the considered requirements leads to a relatively simple circuit layout and a large number of circuits for the entire machine. The behavior of the proposed circuit during the critical fast power abort phase is simulated through a numerical model, which covers the electrical circuit domain and the electrothermal magnet domain. Each FCC-hh dipole magnet is protected by means of the coupling-loss-induced quench (CLIQ) protection system, which also acts at the circuit level. The simulations predict severe voltage oscillations in the FCC-hh dipole circuits that may pose a problem for the quench detection system. The simulations also show that the severity of the oscillations is not due to the presence of CLIQ. This protection system can be integrated into the proposed circuit layout and represents an effective protection system for the entire string of FCC-hh dipole magnets.

AB - The Future Circular Collider (FCC-hh) project is a conceptual study whose goal is to design the successor of the Large Hadron Collider, increasing the collision energy from 14 to 100 TeV. The energy stored in the 16-T superconducting dipole magnets and the length of the sectors composing the 100-km FCC tunnel are considerably larger than those in present accelerators. This means that the energy stored in the FCC-hh dipole circuit is likely to be much higher than that in existing superconducting circuits. In the case of magnet quenches or faults, the circuit needs to be protected, i.e., its energy needs to be rapidly dissipated without inducing excessive voltages in the magnet chain. This article proposes a conceptual design for the FCC-hh dipole circuit, which satisfies the constraint of the maximum allowable voltage-to-ground and fulfills additional requirements related to the FCC-hh operation and tunnel layout. A compromise among the considered requirements leads to a relatively simple circuit layout and a large number of circuits for the entire machine. The behavior of the proposed circuit during the critical fast power abort phase is simulated through a numerical model, which covers the electrical circuit domain and the electrothermal magnet domain. Each FCC-hh dipole magnet is protected by means of the coupling-loss-induced quench (CLIQ) protection system, which also acts at the circuit level. The simulations predict severe voltage oscillations in the FCC-hh dipole circuits that may pose a problem for the quench detection system. The simulations also show that the severity of the oscillations is not due to the presence of CLIQ. This protection system can be integrated into the proposed circuit layout and represents an effective protection system for the entire string of FCC-hh dipole magnets.

KW - Magnetic circuits

KW - Superconducting magnets

KW - Magnetic tunneling

KW - Magnetic domains

KW - Large Hadron Collider

KW - Layout

KW - FCC

KW - Coupling-loss induced quench (CLIQ)

KW - Future Circular Collider (FCC)

KW - quench protection

KW - superconducting circuits

U2 - 10.1109/TASC.2019.2931172

DO - 10.1109/TASC.2019.2931172

M3 - Article

VL - 29

JO - IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity

JF - IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity

SN - 1051-8223

IS - 8

ER -