Tampere University of Technology

TUTCRIS Research Portal

Correlations for undrained shear strength of Finnish soft clays

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1628-1645
JournalCanadian Geotechnical Journal
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


The study focuses on the derivation of transformation models for undrained shear strength (su) of Finnish soft sensitive clays. Specific correlation equations for su of Finnish clays are presented in this work for the first time. Field and laboratory measurements from 24 test sites in Finland are exploited for this purpose and a multivariate database is constructed. The multivariate data consists of su from field vane, preconsolidation stress, vertical effective stress, liquid limit, plastic limit, natural water content and sensitivity. The main objective is to evaluate the interdependence of su, consolidation stresses and index parameters and provide a consistent framework for practical use. The new correlations are established through regression analyses. The constructed framework is further validated by another independent multivariate database of clays from Sweden and Norway as well as by empirical equations for Swedish and Norwegian clays. Existing correlations are evaluated for Finnish and Scandinavian clays. Finally, bias and uncertainties of the new correlations are presented.

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland