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Corrosion Losses in Sintered (Nd,Dy)-Fe-B Magnets vs. Magnet geometry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article number5500504
JournalIEEE Magnetics Letters
Volume7
Early online date2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

Sintered Nd-Fe-B magnets with cube and flat geometries were exposed to pressurized heat-humidity corrosion tests for the durations of 96 and 240 hours. Parallel measurements of weight and flux losses were performed after the corrosion tests. The corroded specimens were further characterized using scanning electron microscopy and optical profilometry. The microcrystalline anisotropy of sintered magnets gave rise to heterogeneous corrosion behavior, where the pole faces degraded preferentially to the side faces. The magnetic field by the magnet itself thus contributed to the amount and location of detached ferromagnetic grains. The magnets with cube geometry suffered greater losses than the flat magnets, even though the flat magnets had a higher relative amount of the pole face. The higher total flux (due to a larger volume) of the cube-shaped magnets led to the higher overall losses. In the flat magnets, the corrosion concentrated heavily on areas near the corners.

Keywords

  • Corrosion, Hard Magnetic Materials, Nd-Fe-B magnets

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland