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CT and MRI imaging at the acute phase of inaugural non-traumatic hepatic haemorrhages

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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)292-299
Number of pages8
JournalJOURNAL DE RADIOLOGIE DIAGNOSTIQUE ET INTERVENTIONNELLE
Volume94
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

Purpose: Although rare, non-traumatic hepatic haemorrhage is a known complication of liver tumors. In cases where the haemorrhage is the first clinical event, diagnostic work-up is critical. Material and methods: This retrospective study was conducted between July 2001 and March 2011. Acute phase CT-scan and MRI imaging in patients diagnosed with non-traumatic liver hematomas were interpreted with particular attention to the radio-semiotic characteristics of hematomas and liver lesions. Those findings were then confronted to the patients' final diagnoses. Results: Twelve patients were included (mean age of 42 years). In seven of them a suspect liver lesion was discovered in the acute CT-Scan or MRI imaging. All lesions were strongly hyper vascular.The haemorrhage revealed hepatocarcinoma in four patients, liver adenoma in two and focal nodular hyperplasia in an other. Conclusion: It is important in spontaneous liver haemorrhage to consider the high probability of hepatocarcinoma or potentially malignant lesions even when the patient has no known hepatic disorders, and especially in young patients. The results of this study show that imaging is a key issue at the acute phase of inaugural non-traumatic hepatic haemorrhages and requires a simple but complete triphasic injected protocol.

Keywords

  • Haematoma, Haemorrhage, Liver, Neoplasia, Spontaneous rupture