Design and implementation of a firmware update protocol for resource constrained wireless sensor networks
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding › Chapter › Scientific › peer-review
|Title of host publication||Adoption and Optimization of Embedded and Real-Time Communication Systems|
|Number of pages||18|
|Publication status||Published - 31 Jan 2013|
|Publication type||A3 Part of a book or another research book|
Resource constrained Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) require an automated firmware updating protocol for adding new features or error fixes. Reprogramming nodes manually is often impractical or even impossible. Current update protocols require a large external memory or external WSN transport protocol. This paper presents the design, implementation, and experiments of a Program Image Dissemination Protocol (PIDP) for autonomous WSNs. It is reliable, lightweight and it supports multi-hopping. PIDP does not require external memory, is independent of the WSN implementation, transfers firmware, and reprograms the whole program image. It was implemented on a node platform with an 8-bit microcontroller and a 2.4 GHz radio. Implementation requires 22 bytes of data memory and less than 7 kilobytes of program memory. PIDP updates 178 nodes within 5 hours. One update consumes under 1% of the energy of two AA batteries.