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Determination of Creep Properties of Clays from VRS Oedometer Tests

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Number of pages15
JournalGeotechnical and Geological Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 19 Dec 2019
Publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal


The determination of creep properties still relies almost entirely on the incrementally loaded oedometer test introduced about 100 years ago. Although the simplicity of the test assures a robust evaluation of soil parameters, it also introduces some shortcomings like discontinuity of the evaluated parameters and the long duration of the test. In this study, the performance of the variable rate of strain (VRS) oedometer test for determination of creep properties of a sensitive soft clay is studied. The results from a comprehensive test series of VRS oedometer tests on a soft sensitive clay is presented. Three different setups for the strain rate variation were used, and each test was repeated thrice. The tests showed good consistency and yielded equal creep parameters compared to values from traditional incrementally loaded (IL) oedometer tests. The tests further verified that it is possible to describe the complex stress dependency of creep parameters with just one additional parameter to the primary deformation parameters. Compared to the IL tests, the VRS tests offers a faster determination and continuous creep properties for a wide range of stress.


  • Soft clays Oedometer tests Creep Secondary compression index Cα Creep number rs Variable rate of strain test Strain rate effect

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland