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Development of Advanced Fe–Cr Alloys for Demanding Applications Utilizing Synchrotron Light Mediated Electron Spectroscopy

Research output: Other conference contributionPaper, poster or abstractScientific


Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 4 Dec 2017
EventJoint Annual Meeting of Finnish Synchrotron Radiation User Organisation (FSRUO) and Finnish Structural Biology Network (FinnBox) - University of Turku, Turku, Finland
Duration: 4 Dec 20175 Dec 2017


SeminarJoint Annual Meeting of Finnish Synchrotron Radiation User Organisation (FSRUO) and Finnish Structural Biology Network (FinnBox)
Internet address


High-temperature corrosion resistance of ferritic stainless steels (Fe–Cr based alloys) is built upon the formation of protective Cr-rich oxide scale. However, Cr vaporization limits the use of Fe–Cr alloys under extreme service conditions; in particular, it has been identified as the most significant failure mechanism in solid-oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). Our study focusses on the initial stages of oxide scale formation on ferritic stainless steels and shows that the Cr vaporization can be controlled via the alloy composition and heat treatments.

In this work, we investigate the influence of heat treatment on the initial stages of oxidation of two Ti–Nb stabilized ferritic stainless steels (EN 1.45091,2 and EN 1.45213,4) at 650 °C by synchrotron light mediated X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM). The high degree of alloying makes these alloys suitable for high temperature applications, but also renders the alloys prone to microstructural changes that can affect the growth of protective oxide scale. As a demonstration of this, we show that the heat treatment induced precipitation of (FeCrSi)2(MoNb)-type Laves phase results in less pronounced surface segregation and oxidation of minor alloying elements (Mo, Mn, Nb, Ti, Si). Most significantly, the diffusion of Mn and the formation of low volatile (MnCr)3O4 spinel oxide at the surface above Cr2O3 are strongly suppressed.

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