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Development of Magnetic Losses During Accelerated Corrosion Tests for Nd-Fe-B Magnets Used in Permanent Magnet Generators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)732-741
Number of pages10
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


Sintered Nd-Fe-B magnets are critical components in permanent magnet wind generators. They are the strongest permanent magnets available and thus enable the construction of light and effective devices, but their stability in corrosive environments is limited. In this work, the formation of corrosion losses in two types of Nd-Fe-B alloys was studied. Magnets were in a magnetized state during the corrosion test, enabling monitoring of the development of losses in magnetic flux along with those in weight. Parallel flux and weight loss measurements conducted during corrosion tests showed that percentage weight losses were lower than the total flux losses. Scanning electron microscope studies of corroded specimens disclosed that the magnets first underwent dissolution of the grain-boundary phase, followed by the detachment and movement of the loosened grains in the magnetic field. The degradation was accelerated by oxidation of the matrix phase, which introduced further damage by volume expansion.


  • Corrosion, Corrosion losses, Highly accelerated stress test (HAST test), Improved corrosion resistance sintered Nd-Fe-B magnets, Improved stability sintered Nd-Fe-B magnets, Nd-Fe-B, Permanent magnet, Scanning electron microscopy, Thermal losses, Wind power

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland