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Differentiation of Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma From Follicular Lymphoma Using Texture Analysis on Conventional MR Images at 3.0 Tesla

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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)696–703
JournalAcademic Radiology
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

Rational and Objectives: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) represents the most common type of aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL); follicular lymphoma (FL) is the most frequent indolent NHL. The aim of this study was to investigate whether texture-based analysis of conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) allows discrimination of DLBCL from FL, and further, to correlate the MRI texture features with diffusion-weighted imaging apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value and tumor tissue cellularity. Materials and Methods: Forty-one patients with histologically proven NHL (30 DLBCL and 11 FL) underwent conventional MRI and diffusion-weighted imaging examination before treatment. Based on regions of interest, texture analysis was performed on T1-weighted images pre- and postcontrast enhancement and on T2-weighted images with and without fat suppression, and features derived from the run-length matrix- and co-occurrence matrix-based methods were analyzed. Receiver operating characteristic curves were performed for the three most discriminative texture features for the differentiation of the two most common types of lymphoma. The analyzed MRI texture features were correlated with the ADC value and the tumor tissue cellularity. Results: We found that on T1-weighted images postcontrast enhancement, run-length matrix-based texture analysis for lesion classification differentiated DLBCL from FL, with specificity and sensitivity of 76.6% and 76.5%, respectively. There was no correlation between the texture features and the ADC value or tumor tissue cellularity. Conclusions: DLBCL and FL can be differentiated by means of texture analysis on T1-weighted MRI postcontrast enhancement. These results could serve as a basis for the use of the texture features on conventional MRI as adjunct to clinical examination to distinguish DLBCL from FL.

Keywords

  • Apparent diffusion coefficient, Cellularity, Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, Diffusion-weighted imaging, Follicular lymphoma, MRI, Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, Texture analysis

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