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Effect of non-rubber components of NR on the carbon nanotube (CNT) localization in SBR/NR blends

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)569-582
Number of pages14
JournalMacromolecular Materials and Engineering
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are mixed into SBR/NR and SBR/IR blends using a wet mixing process. The phase specific localization of CNTs in rubber blends is predicted theoretically using surface energy data of blend components and determined experimentally by means of the wetting concept. Almost all CNTs are found to be localized in the SBR matrix of SBR/IR blends due to the better affinity of CNTs to SBR than to IR. In contrast, a high CNT loading localized in the NR phase of SBR/NR blends results from the presence of phospholipids in NR. Electrical and mechanical properties of the rubber blends depend strongly on CNT localization. A lower CNT loading in SBR matrix of SBR/NR blends imparts a better wet grip and lower rolling resistance to tire tread compounds.


  • carbon nanotubes, filler localization, nanocomposites, rubber blends