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Effects of aerobic and strength training on aerobic capacity, muscle strength, and gene expression of lymphomonocytes in patients with stable CAD

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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4582-4593
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Translational Research
Volume12
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

This study examined the effectiveness, suitability, and safety of a mixed interval-type aerobic and strength training program (MIAST) on physical fitness in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) without history of myocardial infarction (MI). Twenty-three patients with stable CAD were randomly assigned to a MIAST (n = 12; mean age 58.6 years) or control (n = 11; 63.3 years) group. The MIAST group participated in the progressive training program twice a week for 21 weeks. Peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak), workload, and exercise time were measured as were maximal muscle strength, serum lipids, glucose concentration, and the cross-sectional area (CSA) of knee extensors. The safety and suitability of the program were assessed by wireless electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring and exercise diaries. VO2peak (6.9%; P < 0.05) and exercise time (11.2%; P < 0.05) improved significantly after 12 weeks of training in the MIAST group compared to the control group. Muscle strength (19.9%; P < 0.05) and CSA (2.2%; P < 0.05) increased, and serum lipids and blood glucose tended to decrease after the training. The successful training program (increase in maximal oxygen uptake) increased the gene expression of oxygen metabolism and decreased the gene expression of inflammation pathways in lymphomonocytes. The MIAST program, including interval-type aerobic and strength training, was safe, did not cause any adverse effects, and led to significant improvements in physical fitness in patients with stable CAD.

Keywords

  • Coronary heart disease, Endurance training, Oxygen consumption, Physical fitness, Resistance training

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland