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Empirical Effects of Dynamic Human-Body Blockage in 60 GHz Communications

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-66
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Communications Magazine
Volume56
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

The millimeter-wave (mmWave) bands and other high frequencies above 6 GHz have emerged as a central component of fifth generation cellular standards to deliver high data rates and ultra-low latency. A key challenge in these bands is blockage from obstacles, including the human body. In addition to the reduced coverage, blockage can result in highly intermittent links where the signal quality varies significantly with motion of obstacles in the environment. The blockages have widespread consequences throughout the protocol stack including beam tracking, link adaptation, cell selection, handover, and congestion control. Accurately modeling these blockage dynamics is therefore critical for the development and evaluation of potential mmWave systems. In this work, we present a novel spatial dynamic channel sounding system based on phased array transmitters and receivers operating at 60 GHz. Importantly, the sounder can measure multiple directions rapidly at high speed to provide detailed spatial dynamic measurements of complex scenarios. The system is demonstrated in an indoor home entertainment type setting with multiple moving blockers. Preliminary results are presented on analyzing this data with a discussion of the open issues toward developing statistical dynamic models.