Energy Saving Potential and Interior Temperatures of Glazed Spaces: Evaluation through Measurements and Simulations
Research output: Book/Report › Doctoral thesis
|Publisher||Tampere University of Technology|
|Number of pages||207|
|State||Published - 18 Aug 2017|
|Publication type||G5 Doctoral dissertation (article)|
|Name||Tampere University of Technology. Publication|
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the heating-energy saving potential of the glazing, and its effects on the indoor spaces, with field measurements and computer simulations. The research consisted of detailed surface and air temperature monitoring in two balconies and their adjoining flats, and monitoring of the air temperature on 22 balconies (17 glazed) and their adjacent flats in Tampere from 16th July 2009 to 24th May 2010. The research also included a detailed case-study of a glazed-in brick building in Malmö, which involved monitoring the temperature, relative humidity and air flow in the building from the 28th of October, 2013 to the 10th of February, 2015. Along with those studies, the suitability of the IDA Indoor Climate and Energy (IDA-ICE) software for glazed space energy simulations was analyzed through a literature review and the constructed model’s 'goodness of fit', which was verified by model calibration. After that, the effects of the various characteristics of different flats, balconies and balcony glazing solutions on the heating energy consumption of both the flats and the balconies’ indoor climates were studied with 156 different calculation cases. Furthermore, there were 63 model calculations on the impact of the added glazing on the brick building’s heating energy use and indoor climate.
The temperature monitoring showed that the air temperature on both the glazed and unglazed balconies, and in the cavity spaces between the glazing and the brick walls of the Malmö building, remained almost without exception above the outdoor air temperature. The analyses also showed that the indoor climate of the glazed space and the achievable energy-saving potential is case-specific and is influenced by a variety of factors such as the building’s location, the type and orientation of the balcony itself, the tightness of the glazing, the inlet air pre-heating (air entering the building from the glazed balcony), and the thermal resistance of the structures. The study also revealed that IDA-ICE is well suited for its intended purpose in simulations, which can usefully be conducted within the generally used 'goodness of fit' criteria set by ASHRAE. The final outcome of the study was a simplified preliminary calculation procedure for evaluation of the heating energy-savings of the glazed spaces as well as the mean, maximum and minimum temperatures levels during the year. The results strongly indicate that this method is reliable for its intended purpose in Nordic countries.