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Ensembles of dense and dense sampling descriptors for the HEp-2 cells classification problem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-35
JournalPattern Recognition Letters
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2016
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


The classification of Human Epithelial (HEp-2) cells images, acquired through Indirect Immunofluorescence (IIF) microscopy, is an effective method to identify staining patterns in patient sera. Indeed it can be used for diagnostic purposes, in order to reveal autoimmune diseases. However, the automated classification of IIF HEp-2 cell patterns represents a challenging task, due to the large intra-class and the small inter-class variability. Consequently, recent HEp-2 cell classification contests have greatly spurred the development of new IIF image classification systems.Here we propose an approach for the automatic classification of IIF HEp-2 cell images by fusion of several texture descriptors by ensemble of support vector machines combined by sum rule. Its effectiveness is evaluated using the HEp-2 cells dataset used for the "Performance Evaluation of Indirect Immunofluorescence Image Analysis Systems" contest, hosted by the International Conference on Pattern Recognition in 2014: the accuracy on the testing set is 79.85%.The same dataset was used to test an ensemble of ternary-encoded local phase quantization descriptors, built by perturbation approaches: the accuracy on the training set is 84.16%. Finally, this ensemble was validated on 14 additional datasets, obtaining the best performance on 11 datasets.Our MATLAB code is available at https://www.dei.unipd.it/node/2357.


  • Bag-of-features, Ensemble, HEp-2 cell classification, Machine learning, Support vector machine, Texture descriptors

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