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Epileptiform and periodic EEG activities induced by rapid sevoflurane anaesthesia induction

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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)638-645
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Volume129
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of the study was to compare the EEG findings and haemodynamic parameters of adult male patients while undergoing mask induction with sevoflurane anaesthesia with either controlled hyperventilation (CH) or spontaneous breathing (SB). Methods: Twenty male patients, aged 23–52 (mean 42) years were anaesthetized randomly with either spontaneous breathing or mild controlled hyperventilation via mask. EEG was recorded using a full 10–20 electrode set. Results: Anaesthesia induction with high inhaled concentrations of sevoflurane produced several epileptiform and periodic EEG patterns. CH doubled the amount of these EEG patterns compared to SB. Higher heart rate was recorded in the CH group. Conclusions: We describe a high incidence of paroxysmal EEG activity: epileptiform and generalized periodic discharges (GPDs) during rapid sevoflurane in nitrous oxide-oxygen mask induction in hyperventilated male patients. However these activities have no effect to the heart rate or the mean arterial pressure. Significance: The monitoring of GPDs and burst suppression patterns during rapid anaesthesia induction with sevoflurane provides possibility to study the effects of volatile anaesthetics in the healthy brain. In order to analyse the different sources of EEG patterns a wide-band multichannel EEG recording is necessary.

Keywords

  • Anaesthesia, Burst-suppression, EEG, Epileptiform, GPD, Sevoflurane

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland