Tampere University of Technology

TUTCRIS Research Portal

Erosive wear of various stainless steel grades used as impeller blade materials in high temperature aqueous slurry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-400
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 5 Apr 2015
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


Two austenitic stainless steel grades, 316L and 904L, and three duplex stainless steel grades, LDX 2101, 2205, and 2507, were erosion tested as impeller blade materials for hydrometallurgical applications. Samples were attached to the pressure and suction sides of an impeller and were tested for 72. h at 80. °C and 95. °C in a small-scale reactor using quartz sand slurry. Based on the mass losses measured, the steel grades could be ranked into two distinct categories; LDX 2101 and 2507 comprising the category with the better erosion resistance. The categories were the same for the pressure and suction side tests even though the erosion mechanism differed. In most cases, erosion was more severe in the suction side samples, which has practical implications for wear protection design. In the pressure side samples, the variation in the erosion mass loss with different experimental parameters was in line with earlier reported findings. In contrast, in the suction side samples, under some experimental conditions, increasing tip speed and increasing particle size were found to reduce erosion mass loss. This emphasizes the fact that the erosivity of particles for the impeller suction side cannot be deduced solely based on particle size. The reasons for the observed behavior are discussed.


  • Erosion, Impellers, Mixing, Slurry, Stainless steels, Wear

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland