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Evaluation of crushing strength of spray-dried MgAl2O4 granule beds

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8494-8500
Number of pages7
JournalCeramics International
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2015
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


The crushing strengths of four different experimental magnesium aluminate spinel (MgAl2O4) granule beds were monitored with the axial die pressing test after heat treatments. Precursor, magnesium hydroxide (Mg(OH)2) and magnesium oxide (MgO) as Mg precursor and aluminium oxide hydroxide Al(O)OH and α-Al2O3 as Al precursor, were used for experimental granules, which were manufactured via a dispersion manufacturing and spray-drying process. After spray-drying, granules were heat treated in air at 1000, 1100, 1200, 1300 and 1400 °C. In order to understand the potential effect of precursor, phase structure, morphology, particle size distribution and density of granules on crushing strength behaviour, scanning X-ray diffraction (XRD) was used together with electron microscopy (SEM) and laser diffraction (LDPA) for characterisation. All precursor mixtures formed spherical granules during the spray-drying process and pure spinel phase structure during heat treatment. The crushing strength test results indicated that the Al precursor clearly affected the crushing strength behaviour of experimental granule beds. The highest strength was observed for granule beds with Al(O)OH) as Al and Mg(OH)2 as Mg precursor.


  • Axial pressing, Granule, MgAl<inf>2</inf>O<inf>4</inf> spinel, The crushing strength

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland