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Fluid flow simulations meet high-speed video: Computer vision comparison of droplet dynamics

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-56
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2018
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


Hypothesis: While multiphase flows, particularly droplet dynamics, are ordinary in nature as well as in industrial processes, their mathematical and computational modelling continue to pose challenging research tasks - patent approaches for tackling them are yet to be found. The lack of analytical flow field solutions for non-trivial droplet dynamics hinders validation of computer simulations and, hence, their application in research problems. High-speed videos and computer vision algorithms can provide a viable approach to validate simulations directly against experiments. Experiments: Droplets of water (or glycerol-water mixtures) impacting on both hydrophobic and superhydrophobic surfaces were imaged with a high-speed camera. The corresponding configurations were simulated using a lattice-Boltzmann multiphase scheme. Video frames from experiments and simulations were compared, by means of computer vision, over entire droplet impact events. Findings: The proposed experimental validation procedure provides a detailed, dynamic one-on-one comparison of a droplet impact. The procedure relies on high-speed video recording of the experiments, computer vision, and on a software package for the analyzation routines. The procedure is able to quantitatively validate computer simulations against experiments and it is widely applicable to multiphase flow systems in general.


  • Computer vision, Droplet, Experimental, High-speed video, Hydrophobic, Lattice Boltzmann, Simulation

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Field of science, Statistics Finland