Tampere University of Technology

TUTCRIS Research Portal

Formation and stability of carbon nanotube network in natural rubber: Effect of non-rubber components

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Article number18004
Pages (from-to)111-121
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 5 Aug 2015
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


Abstract The formation and stability of carbon nanotube (CNT) network in natural rubber (NR), deproteinized NR (DPNR) and polyisoprene (IR) compound were investigated by means of the method of the online measured electrical conductance in a whole process from processing and rolling over pressing/cross-linking to post-stretching. The kinetics of CNT flocculation was described and explained by taking into consideration the depletion force considered as driving force and the thickness of the bound rubber layer considered as hindering factor. The presence of linked phospholipids in NR and DPNR improves the rubber-filler interaction of CNTs through the cation-π bonding that hinders the filler flocculation. The absence of the cation-π bonding in CNT/IR compound and the related thin layer of bound rubber are the reason for the strong tendency of flocculation of CNTs in IR even at room temperature. The effect of pressing time, temperature and cross-linking reaction as well as mechanical deformation on the formation and stability of CNT network in NR compounds was also investigated and discussed by taking into consideration the role of the linked phospholipids.


  • Carbon nanotubes, Electrical conductivity, Filler network, Nanocomposites, Rubber