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Further enhancement of mechanical properties of conducting rubber composites based on multiwalled carbon nanotubes and Nitrile Rubber by solvent treatment

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article number1806
Number of pages12
JournalMaterials
Volume11
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Sep 2018
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

Post-treatment removal of dispersion agents from carbon nanotube/rubber composites can greatly enhance the mechanical properties by increasing the filler-matrix interaction. In this study, multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWNT) were dispersed in water by sonication and nonionic surfactant, octyl-phenol-ethoxylate was used as a dispersion agent. The dispersed MWNTs were incorporated in thermo-reactive acrylonitrile butadiene rubber (NBR) latex and nanocomposite films were prepared by solution casting. As a post-treatment, the surfactant was removed with acetone and films were dried in air. Dispersion quality of the colloid before casting was determined, and mechanical, electrical and thermal properties of the composites before and after the acetone post-treatment were studied. It was found that removal of dispersion agent increased the storage modulus of films between 160-300% in all samples. Relative enhancement was greater in samples with better dispersion quality, whereas thermal conductivity changed more in samples with smaller dispersion quality values. Electrical properties were not notably affected.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

Keywords

  • CNT, Dispersion, Nanocomposite, NBR, Post-treatment

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland

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