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Gain Scheduling Full State Feedback with D-Implementation for Velocity Tracking of Hydrostatic Drive Transmission

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Fourteenth Scandinavian International Conference on Fluid Power, SICFP15. May 20-22, 2015. Tampere, Finland
PublisherTampere University of Technology. Department of Intelligent Hydraulics and Automation
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)978-952-15-3529-1
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventScandinavian International Conference on Fluid Power -
Duration: 1 Jan 1900 → …


ConferenceScandinavian International Conference on Fluid Power
Period1/01/00 → …


This paper presents a gain-scheduling based velocity controller for hydrostatic drive transmissions (HSD). We design our controller based a model of the system which captures most of the nonlinear effects and parameter variation. Therefore, we can obtain much better performance compared to existing linear controllers. Our control strategy is based on full state feedback whose gains are scheduled on measured states which are speed and volume pressures, and estimated hydraulic flow. To implement standard state feedback, we would need to calculate operating points of all the states at all time. However, due to modelling uncertainty (specially unknown frictions) pressure equilibrium calculation will be very inaccurate. We will employ D implementation methodology to remedy this problem.

For the proof of concept, we show the efficacy of the controller using a validated simulator of a wheel loader with real machine parameters. The experiments are performed both on flat terrain and slope. The results demonstrate that the performance of velocity tracking is high and the controllability of the machine is maintained in every situation.