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Hemispheric asymmetry measured by texture analysis and diffusion tensor imaging in two multiple sclerosis subtypes

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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)844-851
Number of pages8
JournalActa Radiologica
Volume56
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2015
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Abstract

Background: This paper addresses two subtypes of multiple sclerosis (MS), primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS) and relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). The separation of PPMS and RRMS is challenging in certain cases.

Purpose: To quantitatively determine MS subtypes using texture analysis (TA) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI).

Material and Methods: T1-weighted (T1W) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and DTI of the left and right brain hemispheres of 17 patients with PPMS and 19 patients with RRMS were studied. Areas of the caudate nucleus and thalamus were investigated as normal appearing gray matter (NAGM), and areas of the cerebral peduncle and centrum semiovale were investigated as normal appearing white matter (NAWM). The described locations were symmetrical and were accurately marked. TA was performed on the T1W images, and the fractional anisotropy and apparent diffusion coefficient were determined from the DTI data.

Results: Hemispherical differences were found with both TA and DTI. Several texture and diffusion tensor parameter values calculated for the left and right hemispheres of the patients showed statistically significant differences. The patients with RRMS had greater significant differences (P

Conclusion: TA can be helpful when distinguishing between PPMS and RRMS, while DTI appears to reveal the hemispherical asymmetry of RRMS patients.

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland