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High-Resolution Water Segmentation for Autonomous Unmanned Surface Vehicles: a Novel Dataset and Evaluation

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 IEEE 29th International Workshop on Machine Learning for Signal Processing (MLSP)
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-7281-0824-7
ISBN (Print)978-1-7281-0825-4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019
Publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventIEEE International Workshop on Machine Learning for Signal Processing -
Duration: 1 Jan 1900 → …

Publication series

NameIEEE International Workshop on Machine Learning for Signal Processing
ISSN (Print)1551-2541


ConferenceIEEE International Workshop on Machine Learning for Signal Processing
Period1/01/00 → …


Even though Unmanned Surface Vehicles (USVs) are increasingly used to perform various laborious and expensive offshore tasks, they still require an extensive dedicated crew supporting and ensuring the safety of their operations. The recent developments in computer vision and robotics further fueled the interest on developing autonomous USVs that will overcome the aforementioned limitations, unleashing their full potential. One of the most vital and fundamental tasks in order to automate and ensure the safety of USV operations is to perform water segmentation. Despite the importance of developing such segmentation methods, there is a lack of highresolution publicly available datasets, which are suitable for training and evaluating deep learning methods. The main contribution of this paper is collecting, annotating and releasing a publicly available high-resolution dataset for developing deep learning algorithms for water segmentation in a Nordic lake environment. Furthermore, we adapt a deep learning algorithm previously applied for road segmentation to the water segmentation task. While the algorithm obtains a high accuracy, the results also allow for identifying critical limitations of the approach. Finally, we propose and evaluate a novel lightweight fully convolutional neural network architecture, fully adapted to the needs of water segmentation from highresolution images.


  • Image segmentation, Task analysis, Machine learning, Lakes, Boats, Roads, Training, Water segmentation, unmanned surface vessel, fully convolutional networks, deep learning

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland