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How experienced professionals develop their expertise in work-based higher education: A literature review

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)359-378
JournalHigher Education
Issue number2
Early online date16 May 2018
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


This study explores how industry-university partnerships contribute to the expertise development of highly experienced professionals, and what kind of challenges such development entails. We used an integrative approach to review literature and acquire a deeper understanding of how previous research has described the development of expertise in work-based postgraduate higher education. Consistent with earlier research, this review confirms that expertise is developed through transforming and integrating theoretical, practical and self-regulative knowledge. Results suggest that (1) learners should be supported but also allowed to self-manage their learning in order to build agency and self-regulative skills, (2) continuous problem solving with ill-defined, non-routine problems should be encouraged along with challenges that trigger learning, (3) learners’ personal transformation process and change of identity should be supported, and (4) expertise development should be viewed as an ongoing, context-dependent and individualised process.

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland