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How to Computationally Determine the Maximum Stable Operation Current of an HTS Magnet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


The short-sample critical current is only an indicative property for the maximum current a magnet can be continuously operated with. This was especially visible in the experiments of one of the world's first Roebel-cable-based high temperature superconductors dipole magnet prototype built and tested at CERN in 2017 where the thermal runaway developed very slowly in many cases. Consequently, the maximum stable operation current could be overstepped and stable operation could be recovered by lowering the current below the maximum of the stable range again. It is non-trivial to quantitatively predict this behavior from the critical current measurements which are observed under specific cooling conditions and based on an arbitrarily selected electric field criterion for the critical current. To make more rigorous predictions on the maximum stable operation current, one needs to consider in detail the interplay of cooling over the magnet surface and heat generation in the winding. This paper presents a methodology to determine the maximum stable operation current for a given magnet, as well as studies its mathematical background. Insight to this problem comes from the Roebel-cable-based dipole magnet studied at CERN during 2017.


  • high-temperature superconductors, superconducting magnets, critical current measurements, Roebel-cable-based dipole magnet, heat generation, magnet surface, high temperature superconductors dipole magnet, HTS magnet, Superconducting magnets, Cooling, High-temperature superconductors, Computational modeling, Magnetic domains, Thermal stability, Heating systems, HTS magnets, modeling, finite element methods, optimization

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