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Hydrothermal carbonization of pulp mill streams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-244
Number of pages9
JournalBioresource Technology
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2016
Publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


The progress of the conversion, the yield, the structure and the morphology of the produced carbonaceous materials as a function of time were systematically studied with pyrolysis-GC/FID and FESEM microscope. The conversion of galactoglucomannan, bleached kraft pulp and TEMPO oxidized cellulose nanofibrils followed the reaction route of glucose being slower though with fibrous material, higher molar mass and viscosity. The conversion of kraft lignin was minor following completely different reaction route. Carbonaceous particles of different shape and size were produced with yields between 23% and 73% after 4 h with being higher for lignin than carbohydrates. According to the results, potential pulp mill streams represent lignocellulosic resources for generation of carbonaceous materials.


  • Galactoglucomannan, Hydrothermal carbonization, Kraft lignin, Kraft pulp, Pulp mill

Publication forum classification

Field of science, Statistics Finland